The legal drinking age is 18 for beer and wine and 21 for liquor. From toseveral states voluntarily raised their purchase ages to 19 or, less commonly, 20 or 21in part to combat drunk driving fatalities. By lowering the drinking age, adults could openly model responsible drinking in establishments and at parties and irresponsible behavior would be discouraged.
The majority of high school seniors reach the age of 18 by senior year in high school; lowering the drinking age would pose significant risk to them and to their younger classmates and siblings and transfer an even larger problem to the high school community.
As well, they feel the adults around them do not feel that drinking is Very Wrong, either, once they reach the later years of high school. Constitution declared it illegal to manufacture, transport, or sell intoxicating liquors.
Communities must start prevention programs earlier and be more aggressive in order to change this cultural pattern.
The data underlying the series in Figure 1 come from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System for — for the 39 states that lowered their drinking age during the s and s. Many states started to lower their minimum drinking age in response, most of this occurring in or McCardell argues that lowering the age will end covert and dangerous drinking.
These drinking age reductions were followed by increases in motor vehicle fatalities, which were documented by numerous researchers at the time for a review, see Wagenaar and Toomey, Permitting free access to alcohol for even younger youth goes counter to sound health practices, increases the risk of heavy use.
However, these changes were soon followed by studies showing an increase in motor vehicle fatalities attributable to the decreased MLDA. Copyright notice See other articles in PMC that cite the published article.
This would be the case in the US as well, as sales to minors represents a significant portion of liquor sales in this country. Sebeliusthough upholding South Dakota v. Again, lowering the age of legal drinking is forecast to increase the percentage of the population with life long alcohol problems, already a huge health issue for our country.
Thus, rather than try to estimate the optimal age at which to set the minimum legal drinking age, we focus on an analysis that is more feasible and useful from a policy perspective.
But taking the law away does not solve the problem that alcohol poses to our children and the community. Binge drinking in the European Union is significantly higher than the US.
US students frequently report no restrictions on obtaining alcohol in Mexico, for instance, even at years of age. Binge drinking, among youth however, has been recorded at higher levels in many other countries than the US.
The National Minimum Drinking Age Act is also seen as a congressional sidestep of the tenth amendment. The first is composed of young people who were born just a few years earlier in the the same state and who thus grew up in very similar circumstances but who faced a lower legal drinking age due to changes in state drinking age policies.
Second, we lack good ways to estimate the consumer surplus loss that results from restricting drinking, a problem that has characterized the entire literature on optimal alcohol control and taxation see Gruber,for a general discussion. Mandate a consistent attitude campus wide about the prevention of risky drinking from the top down.
Colleges can be direct with prospective and admitted students and parents regarding the issue as well.Lowering the Legal Drinking Age: An Analysis of the Pros and Cons Lowering the Legal Drinking Age: An Analysis of the Pros and Cons Background. Since the mid ’s, the legal drinking age in the United States has been set at The effect of the minimum legal drinking age on these measures of alcohol consumption as estimated using a panel fixed-effects approach are presented in the first three columns of Table 4.
The relevant independent variable in each of the first three columns is the proportion 18–20 year-olds legal to drink in the state. Underage Drinking in the United States.
Alcoholism; (NIAAA), more than half of America’s teenagers have had at least one drink by age 15 and the percentage increases to 70% by age Young people between the ages of 12 and 20 consume 11% of all alcohol consumed in the United States.
The history of the minimum or legal drinking age. 57 rows · Minimum legal drinking age as of The alcohol laws of the United States regarding minimum age for purchase have changed over time. This history is given in the table below. Unless otherwise noted, if different alcohol categories have different minimum purchase ages.
- The United States’ minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) of twenty one is almost a perfect example of a policy with unrealistic expectations and serious unintended consequences.
The Legal Drinking Age Analysis - America Must Lower the Drinking Age The current drinking age in the United States of America is.
The Minimum Legal Drinking Age and Morbidity in the US We provide the first evaluation of the effect of the US minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) on nonfatal injuries.
Using administrative records from several states death rate due to injuries for 20 year olds in the United States is 7 per 10, person-years.
By comparison, the .Download