Case study methods

Tools to collect data can include surveys, interviews, documentation review, observation, and even the collection of physical artifacts.

Case study

This study is not designed to produce detailed data from which any conclusions could be drawn. Case study research is flexible, but when changes are made, they are documented systematically. Researchers are able to study and analyze situations, events and behaviors that could be created in a laboratory setting.

Most of this information is likely to be qualitative i. The advantages of the case study method are its applicability Case study methods real-life, contemporary, human situations and its public accessibility through written reports.

Throughout the evaluation and analysis process, the researcher remains open to new opportunities and insights. The research object in a case study is often a program, an entity, a person, or a group of people.

These examine one or more sites either for the purpose of examining a situation of unique interest with little to no interest in generalization, or to call into question a highly generalized or universal assertion.

Since data to be collected and examined includes organizational documents, the researcher states his Case study methods to request copies of these documents, and plans for storage, classification, and retrieval of these items, as well as the interview and survey data. Gary Thomas thus proposes a typology for the case study wherein purposes are first identified evaluative or exploratorythen approaches are delineated theory-testing, theory-building or illustrativethen processes are decided upon, with a principal choice being between whether the study is to be single or multiple, and choices also about whether the study is to be retrospective, snapshot or diachronic, and whether it is nested, parallel or sequential.

Internal validity especially important with explanatory or causal studies demonstrates that certain conditions lead to other conditions and requires the use of multiple pieces of evidence from multiple sources to uncover convergent lines of inquiry.

Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Functions of parting ceremonies in dying organizations. The researcher determines in advance what evidence to gather and what analysis techniques to use with the data to answer the research questions.

Case Study Method

Handbook of research for educational communications and technology, Reliability refers to the stability, accuracy, and precision of measurement. Renegotiation of arrangements with the objects of the study or addition of questions to interviews may be necessary as the study progresses.

A case selection that is based on representativeness will seldom be able to produce these kinds of insights. Some of the primary methods that would be used included interviews, surveys, focus groups, observations and in some cases use field trials. These are condensed case studies performed before implementing a large scale investigation.

Rather, the emphasis in case study research is placed on exploration and description of a phenomenon. Investigators examine pairs of cases, categorizing the similarities and differences in each pair.

Case Study Research Design

Critics of the case study method believe that the study of a small number of cases can offer no grounds for establishing reliability or generality of findings.

After the researcher has determined the data collection methods and what type of data will be used and recorded in the study, he or she will need to decide upon a strategy for analyzing the data. Analysis of a phobia of a five year old boy. When selecting a case for a case study, researchers will therefore use information-oriented sampling, as opposed to random sampling.

Exemplary case studies prepare good training programs for investigators, establish clear protocols and procedures in advance of investigator field work, and conduct a pilot study in advance of moving into the field in order to remove obvious barriers and problems.

How do non-profit organization participants determine what to place on the electronic community network? In clarifying lines of history and causation it is more useful to select subjects that offer an interesting, unusual or particularly revealing set of circumstances.

Final report distribution includes all participants. Long-term Review and Clinical Implications. When using multiple cases, each case is treated as a single case. Investigators need to be flexible in real-life situations and not feel threatened by unexpected change, missed appointments, or lack of office space.

Data gathered is normally largely qualitative, but it may also be quantitative. In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual.

Some case study researchers suggest that the document review audience include a journalist and some suggest that the documents should be reviewed by the participants in the study. To assist in targeting and formulating the questions, researchers conduct a literature review.

The tactics used in analysis force researchers to move beyond initial impressions to improve the likelihood of accurate and reliable findings.Once the question has been identified and the basic type of case study method has been selected, the researcher will need to begin designing their case study approach.

In order to obtain a full and detailed picture of the participant or small group, the researcher can use a variety of approaches and methods. 3 A (VERY) BRIEF REFRESHER ON THE CASE STUDY METHOD The case study method embraces the full set of procedures needed to do case study research.

These tasks include designing a case study, collecting the study’s data, ana. The case study method often involves simply observing what happens to, or reconstructing ‘the case history’ of a single participant or group of individuals (such as a school class or a specific social group), i.e.

the idiographic studies allow a researcher to investigate a topic in far more detail than might be possible if they were trying to deal with a large number of Author: Saul Mcleod. The Case Study as a Research Method Uses and Users of Information -- LIS D.1 -- Spring Introduction Case study research excels at bringing us to an understanding of a complex issue or object and can extend experience or add strength to what is already known through previous research.

What is a Case Study? Basically, a case study is an in depth study of a particular situation rather than a sweeping statistical is a method used to narrow down a very broad field of research into one easily researchable topic.

Case study methods
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