There was often pressure to influence votersthrough the patron-client relationship, where rich patrons helped aretinue of poor clients in exchange for political support.
By the same token, countries like the United Kingdom, Belgium, andJapan are not republics - since they each have a monarchof some kind UK has a queen, Belgium has a king and Japan has anemperorthey are each technically a monarchy. Citizens voted on issues as popular referenda. Many people living in ancient Greecewere not part of the demos, most prominently of course, slaves.
The republic, therefore, meant the public matter, the thing that is in common among the people. How is athenian democracy different from American democracy? The executive was composed by elected magistrates officers of state.
The government is a complex of institutions of the state but is not itself the source of authority. The people acclaimed or rejected but did little deliberation. Likewise, we see in Roman history a similar dynamic with the Republic being preceded by a quasi-legendary era of Kings, and like with Athens there are certain elements of the Roman Republic which seem designed to minimize the centralization of power.
One of the ways in which they were similar was that the people were controlled by the wealthy, just as they are today. A direct democracyin which the people vote directly on all laws, is not a republic. The Roman Republic was a form of government in which the people would choose the representatives to govern them, which means that the elected the senate and assembly made the laws.
There are two general kinds of democracy: It oversaw administration, but did not play a part in policy making.
That condition has neverexisted within any country on Earth simply because humanity hasnever before had the technology to define the true will of apopulation regarding all the issues that may affect them. The consuls were the two annually elected heads of the city and the army.
The republic made two generals, or consuls, control the military at all times. As to the actual implementation of the governments, Athenian andAmerican government are radically different. The senate wielded enormous power, but was not an elected body.
Many of theancient Greek city-states and early New England colonies weredirect democracies, while countries like the United States, Germanyor France are far too large for direct democracy to be a viableoption, so these countries use the representative democracy modelinstead.
Thus, the military was not separated from civilian authority and there was not a separate chief of staff. They and lesser elected officials possessed a wide variety of powers, particularly over foreign affairs, and Consuls served as army generals during and sometimes after their term of office.
For private litigation the victims prosecuted. For example, in the Roman Republic, laws were passed by being approved by a popular assembly. Theofficers of state, though elected, did not truly act on behalf ofthe people and made their own decisions as they saw fit.
Ideas like Ostricism, or the selections by lot - Athenian democracy was designed in such a way that whenever possible, power would be diluted to such a degree that future Tyrants and Oligarchs would never be given the chance to emerge.
Courts were seen as exercising the will of the people. How was the Roman Republic similar to the Athenian government?
How They Participated According to some scholars, such as Nadia Urbinati, ancient democracies and republics also allowed for different forms of popular participation.
In this way, Roman political thinkers hoped to achieve stability by giving both the masses and the elites some institutional stake in political power.
Democracy evolved in response to real questions and challenges. Most of this wealth was based on land ownership. A democracy and a republic each had its own distinct institutional arrangements based on different ideas about what it meant for citizens to participate in the political process.
So these various terms are largely superficial, and the only way tounderstand them is to examine the real practice of government ineach country - looking behind the titles, words and pretenses, andarriving at the real effective forces of government.
Whilst the Athenian Republic was a true democracy, the RomanRepublic was not. Instead of a set of institutions through which one single group exercised power, the Roman republic contained multiple institutions that allowed both the few and the many to take part in political rule.A comparison of ancient Greek democracy and Roman republic Even today, the ideals of government expressed and used by the ancient Greeks and Romans are well known.
Compare and contrast Athenian democracy to the Roman republic government? The only comparable thing in Athenian democracy and the Roman Republic is that bills were voted on by popular assemblies. What is the difference between the US government, Roman Republic, and Athenian democracy?
How did Athenian democracy differ from Roman republicanism? Ask New Question. Roman Republic, Athenian Democracy and the United States. Topics: United States, Compare and contrast Athenian democracy with American democracy.
Is the United States a democracy in the classical sense of the word? The ancient Greek word "demokratia" was ambiguous. In contrast to Greek democracy, the Roman republic had a more complex institutional arrangement. Instead of a set of institutions through which one single group exercised power, the Roman republic contained multiple institutions that allowed both the few and the many to take part in political rule.
The only comparable thing in Athenian democracy and the Roman Republic is that bills were voted on by popular assemblies.Download