And last, but not least, the Dutch seemed to have been more tolerant at home Dutch slave trade essay most other countries in Europe, and accommodated, rather than excluded, outsiders. In the end, the effort proved to be worth the time and energy invested. The state was very much involved in the slave trade: The slave trade is not something which is past and over with, but something which deeply affects Dutch society today.
Capitalism and Abolitionism as a Problem in Historical Interpretation Dutch slave trade essay, ed. As the account of Equiano demonstrates, slavery as an institution was in trouble under the pressure of a general resistance by the slaves. Right away, I would like to admit to a mistake regarding the demographic effects of the Thirty Years War.
The Society of Friends, along with other such concerned parties, published accounts of the horrific middle passage to distribute amongst still practicing nations. It should be read by anyone interested in how imperialism and racism have affected not only Africa and the Americas but Europe also, both historically and in the present times.
The English also sent their royalist and Irish prisoners of war to their West Indian colonies as forced labourers. It was therefore at this time that the Netherlands established itself as a nation state with the consequent territorial control, demarcation of borders and monopolisation of violence by the state pp.
Despite the brutal, repressive nature of slavery, the efforts of resistance by the slaves and the abolitionists proved strong enough to overcome this institution. These were prohibited by the authorities who feared them pp.
Apart from the fact that there is nothing specifically Dutch about such conditions, it is hard to see why anyone should be expected to feel guilt about high infant mortality in early modern Europe when no one could have done anything about it at the time.
Back to 2 Several historians of slavery and abolition have noted the difference between the remarkably free and mobile labour force in the Dutch Republic and the absence of such a labour force in most of the Dutch colonies overseas.
That explains why the Dutch never forced their religious minorities into exile. The enslavers were compensated, but the former slaves received nothing, not even the much smaller amount they were supposed to receive. Slave traders used many slave forts to protect themselves and their shipments.
Europeans did not enslave fellow Europeans but had no such scruples about Africans.
The missionaries from Europe regularly faced opposition by whites and indifference by blacks. The Dutch colonies of Suriname and the Dutch Antilles had their complement of slaves, though these were fewer in number than in the British colonies.
Similarly, the volume of European goods imported to pay for the slaves was far too small to have any significant deleterious effect on the African economy overall.
This resulted in many escapes and a rebellion before abolition was actually announced. Even when the decline in population was about a third, certain areas quickly needed substantial numbers of mobile, landless labourers in order to make them economically viable again.
The Haitian revolution certainly influenced other colonies, and in there was a rebellion in Curacao under the command of Tula, a well-educated and well-travelled son of Africans, who had formed a union of slaves in which had achieved improved conditions. In my book I simply noticed that this rose-coloured picture is badly marred by the fact that all these supposed advantages had no practical effect when it came to abolishing the slave trade and slavery, and that the Dutch did not even manage to organize a sizeable abolition movement.
The Peace of Westphalia had led Spain to end eighty years of hostility towards the Dutch and to recognise the Dutch Republic; it also brought formal separation of the Netherlands from the Holy Roman Empire.
Lewis, and Kenneth L. Thomas Bender Berkeley, When that is the case, our reviewer, and other historians in the UK, should count their blessings. The Africans were sold in many ways. There was no clear legal framework for this slave trade or the practice of slavery at this time.
He then goes on: This was a way of guarding themselves against any attackers. Africans were chained and packed into quarters unfit for movement or proper breathing.
There is no doubt that the British government at the time had many more financial resources at its disposal than its Dutch counterpart, and that this fact weighed heavily as slave emancipation, and concomitant compensation for the slave owners, was a costly affair.
Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation Plutopp. In France, matters seem even worse, as the French Parliament passed in quick succession three laws making it possible to prosecute anyone who does not consider the holocaust, the persecution of the Armenians in Turkey during and after World War I, and the Atlantic slave trade as crimes against humanity.
I agree with most of what he writes.
Should the descendants of the almost equally exploited labourers and unskilled workers of early modern Europe be excluded—together with women and homosexuals because they too were mistreated? The effects of this unhealthy environment were compounded by the low ratio of female to male slaves, so the birth rate was never able to exceed the death rate.
Its major emphasis is on the role played by the Dutch in the slave trade and in enslavement, but a whole chapter is devoted to the present-day circumstances of the descendants of the enslaved now living in Holland, and their endeavours to obtain a memorial and an apology, and to continued research into the history of the enslaved.
Another form of resistance was artistic:The revival of slave trade at Jaquim was only temporary, however, as his superiors at the Dutch West India Company noticed that Hertog's slaves were more expensive than at the Gold Coast. FromElmina became the preferred spot to trade slaves.
As the original head trading post at the Dutch Slave Coast, Offra was established in The British slave trade was eventually abolished in (although illegal slave trading would continue for decades after that) after years of debate, in which supporters of the trade claimed that it was not inhumane, that they were acting in the slaves’ benefit, etc.
Slavery and the slave trade existed in Africa, and the Dutch were prepared to take part in it, just as they involved themselves in existing trade and trade systems throughout the world in the seventeenth century, without giving too much thought to the moral implications of what they were doing.
The African Slave Trade has affected a very large part of the world. This phenomenon has been described in many different ways, such as slave trade, forced migration and genocide.
The problem with these descriptions is that none of them accurately describe the African Slave Trade or it's /5(7). Nimako and Willemsen’s The Dutch Atlantic opens a window on the less explored but important Dutch participation in the slave trade.
Even today, this has not yet been properly acknowledged in the Netherlands. Kwame Nimako and Glenn Willemsen, The Dutch Atlantic: Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation. Dutch Slave Trade During the 17th and 18th centuries, mercantilism was the emerging economic policy through which the slave trade developed in Europe.
In the Netherlands many historical events gave rise to a desire for domination of international trade.Download