Invalidity of Bureaucratic Assumptions: Hierarchy is a system in which different positions are related in order of precedence and in which the highest rung on the ladder has the greatest power. This restricts employees to come up with innovative ideas, making them feel like just a number instead of an individual.
The rules and regulations formed should be applied uniformly and consistently to everyone. In a bureaucracy, everyone is treated equal and the division of labour is clearly described for each employee.
There is a difference between management and other parts of organization and training and improving skills of management is important. It has rigidity, impersonality, excessive cost of control, excessive dependence on superiors, tendency to ignore organisational goals.
Organization by functional specialty Work is to be done by specialists, and people are organized into units based on the type of work they do or skills they have. This happens in business organisations too.
The rules and requirements are more or less stable and always formalised in so-called official reports.
In this sense, the rules and requirements can be considered predictable. Only Bureaucratic or legal power is given importance. The efficiency in bureaucratic organisation comes through rationality and predictability of behaviour because everyone knows the consequence of his action become actually the action is undertaken.
It gives a greater sense of security to the employees. This hierarchy reflects lines of communication and the degree of delegation and clearly lays out how powers and responsibilities are divided.
Political parties are the organizational means to possess power through the mechanism of the State and they include not just formally organized parties, but any group that is organized to influence the way in which power is exercised legitimately through the machinery of the State.
There are many dis-functional aspects of bureaucracy which is referred to as bureau pathology. In dealing with people, total impersonal approach cannot be adopted because people have feelings, emotions and sentiments which affect decision. Weber has given a number of features of bureaucracy.
The following are the advantages of Bureaucracy: There is neglect of human factor. Later research the human relations theory demonstrated that employees appreciate attention and want to have a voice in decision making.
These competencies are underpinned by rules, laws, or administrative regulations. Max weber described 6 six principles of Bureaucratic management approach. This is the fundamental concept of hierarchy in bureaucratic organisation.
He is in a dominant position and you are in a subordinate position because he controls access to a desired social resource.
This was theorized by Weber on the basis of "unequal access to material resources". The selection process and promotion procedures are based on merit and expertise. With these observations, he lays down the basic principles of bureaucracy and emphasises the division of labour, hierarchy, rules and impersonal relationship.
This is made possible by extensive use of filling system in the organisation. Features of Bureaucratic Organization From the principles of bureaucratic organization we can find these characteristics or features of Bureaucratic Organization are as follows: Methodology[ edit ] A page from the typescript of the sociology of law within Economy and Society Unlike some other classical figures Comte, Durkheim Weber did not attempt, consciously, to create any specific set of rules governing social sciences in general, or sociology in particular.
Formal selection All employees are selected on the basis of technical skills and competences, which have been acquired through training, education and experience. One of the basic principles is that employees are paid for their services and that level of their salary is dependent on their position.
A notable feature of bureaucracy is that relationships among individuals are governed through the system of official authority and rules. The performance of employees improves considerably. Purposely impersonal The idea is to treat all employees equally and customers equally, and not be influenced by individual differences.
In addition, in a bureaucracy, selection and promotion only occur on the basis of technical qualifications. However, bureaucracy has been criticised because of its inefficiency and has been termed as a symbol of inefficiency.
If the mission is to serve the organization itself, and those within it, e. Thus, there are offices with the same amount of authority but with different kinds of functions operating in different areas of competence.Weber's definition of power in society has remained the starting point for many sociologists.
He defined power as being: "the ability of an individual or group to achieve their own goals or aims when others are trying to prevent them from realising them" From this Weber identified power.
Weber believed this informal organization of supervisors and employees inhibited the potential success of a company because power was misplaced. He felt that employees were loyal to their bosses. I will use a famous enumeration of these features put forward by Max Weber.
I will examine five features of bureaucracy that Weber identifies. The first aspect of bureaucracy is a division of labor. Weber has observed three types of power in organisations: traditional, charismatic and rational-legal or bureaucratic.
He has emphasised that bureaucratic type of power is the ideal one. Features (Characteristics) Of Weber’s Bureaucracy: Weber has given a number of features of bureaucracy. Max Weber's principles spread throughout both public and private sectors.
Even though Weber's writings have been widely discredited, the bureaucratic form lives on. Weber noted six major principles. Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber (/ Weber's main intellectual concern was understanding the processes of rationalisation, Features of rationalisation include increasing knowledge, growing impersonality and enhanced control of social and material mint-body.comal advisor: Levin Goldschmidt.Download