The extent to which pressure groups exert influence through initiatives and propositions

Civil liberties and rights is a hot topic in US politics, leading to wedge politics which pressure groups get involved in a lot through their massive campaigns and finance. Another power of the Senate is to block or veto legislation, similar idea to the above argument, interest groups would want to influence the Senate to The extent to which pressure groups exert influence through initiatives and propositions or veto legislation which goes against their views.

For instance, when Sonia Sotomayor was nominated by President Obama in pressure groups sought to influence her confirmation by taking to internet advertising.

Charles Bass, for instance, left Congress in and is currently employed at a lobbying firm, Greenberg and Taurig, located on K Street. Interest groups turn to campaigning and influencing the Supreme Court to make major decisions on policy because Congress n recent years has proved ineffective in doing their job.

They seek to influence the judiciary in this case because if they can successfully influence a judicial appointment the pressure group has long-term gains as judges are granted life tenure and are therefore have a long time to enact change.

If a pressure group successfully influences the Senate to confirm appointments to the Supreme Court, for example, the pressure group makes long term gains given the fact judges have life tenure and therefore, a long time to enact change which can benefit a particular pressure group.

The most obvious power of the Senate is to pass legislation. The Senate has the power to confirm all appointments made by the President to some key roles in the Executive Office of the President, Cabinet departments, the federal bureaucracy and Supreme Court and pressure groups will often seek to influence these appointments.

Finally, interest groups often try to cause as much hysteria in the media as possible during an on-going Supreme Court case. During a court ruling there is bound to be interest groups demonstrating or protesting outside the Supreme Court in Washington, and similar to amicus briefs, this also allows for the court to gain an idea of the different opinions on the court cases and how it will affect people.

Interest groups will always want to influence the passage of laws, which benefit their own interests. It enables the interest group to have their say and thus, allows for the Supreme Court to understand how a specific court ruling will affect peoples lives.

As expected, conservative groups like the National Rifle Association were immediately on the scene, lobbying, launching demonstrations and turning to grassroots activism to influence the Senate to block the legislation — which it did eventually.

How and why do pressure groups seek to influence the judiciary? It was believed at the time that signing the treaty would discourage Iran from pursuing its nuclear ambitions and therefore many Jewish pressure groups got involved, lobbying for the Senate to ratify it.

How and why do pressure groups seek to influence the Senate? A liberal pressure group will want to influence the appointment of a liberal because a liberal justice is more likely to rule left-wing during supreme court cases, which benefits the liberal pressure group.

With regards to lobbying, the revolving door syndrome can occur whereby a former member of Congress leaves Congress and immediately joins a lobbying firm, using their expertise and contacts from within Congress they work in the interests of pressure groups.

During the judicial appointment process pressure group activity will always go up. In this situation liberal pressure groups such as ACLU sought to influence the Senate because the repeal would benefit the interest group by expanding gay rights being able to serve openly in the US military.

During the on-going Obergefell v. For instance, the conservative group, Citizens United brought forward a case against the Federal Elections Commission which led to the landmark ruling that it was unconstitutional under the First Amendment to cap the amount of funds someone is able to donate.

Other access points come at state level in the form of initiatives and propositions. Moreover, pressure groups are able to bring test cases forward to the Supreme Court and therefore influence interpretations of the US constitution as the Supreme Court is granted the power of judicial review.

Earlier this year we saw AIPAC becoming increasingly active after the nuclear talks between Iran, America and a range of other countries resumed. In recent years Congress has become increasingly polarised with the th Congress now known as being the most polarised and this means that the story of the last few years has been one of continuous gridlock as seen from the shutdown in Finally, the fragmented nature of the US political system provides pressure groups with a number of access points to play a significant role in US politics.

Past Questions: Pressure Groups

For instance, in the aftermath of the Sandy Hook shooting ina bipartisan bill appeared in Congress, the Manchin-Toomey bill which sought to introduce tougher controls on gun and tougher background checks, thereby limiting the second amendment. Hodges case on gay marriage, Equality Federation submitted brief amici curiae to the Supreme Court this year, Protect Marriage, a conservative interest group, also submitted recent amici curiae to the court, probably arguing that gay marriage is not a constitutional right.

AIPAC did not get involved. So, wedge politics leads to pressure groups playing a significant role. Pressure groups seek to influence the Supreme Court through test cases because the court has the power of judicial review to interpret the constitution, which interest groups can fight a case which leads to a new interpretation or striking down a law.

AIPAC also held a conference in the wake of these talks in which key figures from the Obama administration such as Susan Rice were present. The START Treaty negotiations in was a treaty between the US and Russia whereby both sides agreed to reduce its nuclear warheads to 1, and was eventually signed in This is done to provide the Supreme Court with information arguing for a specific cause as it helps judges to understand the views of people and groups beyond those directly involved in the Supreme Court.

Super PACs allow for an unlimited flow of money to candidates and its no wonder why the midterms has gone down in U. Most notable of the access points is probably through lobbying.Past Questions: Pressure Groups Some answered, some not. This is a compilation of all the past paper questions (that were accessible at the time - there may be more now).

Why, and to what extent, does the Republican Party oppose affirmative action? In what ways, and to what extent, do pressure groups exert influence through initiatives and propositions?

Which groups of voters tend to support the Democratic Party, and why? Analyse the strengths and weaknesses of the Electoral College.

May 28,  · If a pressure group successfully influences the Senate to confirm appointments to the Supreme Court, for example, the pressure group makes long term gains given the fact judges have life tenure and therefore, a long time to enact change which can benefit a particular pressure group.

In what ways, and to what extent, do pressure groups exert influence through initiatives and propositions? This was the short-answer question on which there was the greatest gulf in performance between students. (5) Which types of pressure group seek to influence the Senate, and why?

Jan (3) In what ways, and to what extent, do pressure groups exert influence through initiatives and propositions? New Spec (3) Explain the various methods used by pressure groups to influence the Supreme Court.

Pressure groups do not only exert influence through initiatives and propositions they also exert influence by advertising their cause, public protests, setting up pages on social networking sites in order to spread their message to a younger generation.

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The extent to which pressure groups exert influence through initiatives and propositions
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